The 100 Most Common Adverbs in Korean

by Nie Ae // May 4 // 0 Comments

안녕하세요! Annyeonghaseyo!  Language in general, may it be English or Korean, uses adverbs to express certain statements. This article will be your guide to know more about Korean adverbs.

Here are the 100 most common Korean adverbs useful in daily life conversations.

Most Common Adverbs in Korean

Adverbs / 부사 [ Boosa]

  • Generally, this part of speech has the role of modifying verbs, adjectives, clauses, sentences and other adverbs.
  • Just like English language, Korean also has different types of adverbs. There are adverbs of manners, time, place, frequency, levels and other more.
  • As English adverbs usually are words that end with (ly), Korean adverbs have words of adjective+게, adverbs +히 and noun or derivative +(적)으로.
  • However, there are also adverbs words on their original forms, which means no suffixes are used nor changes on their word structure.
  • Some words are changed from nouns, pronouns, verbs and even prepositions to be used as adverbs.

Adverbs of manner / 양태 부사 [yangtae boosa]

  • Some are adjective words that become adverbs upon changing their last syllable from 다 to 게.
    (쉽다 - 다 = 쉽 + 게 = 쉽게)[ swipta - ta = swip + ge = swipge] which means
    (easy - y + ily = easily) in English.
  • Some are adjective words that become adverbs upon changing their last syllable from 다 to 게.
    (쉽다 - 다 = 쉽 + 게 = 쉽게)[ swipta - ta = swip + ge = swipge] which means
    (easy - y + ily = easily) in English.
한글PronunciationTranslation
좋다 - 좋게Johta - johkeGood- well
나쁘다 - 나쁘게Napeuda - napuegeBad - badly
귀엽다 - 귀엽게Kweyeopta - kweyeopkeCute - cutely
아름답다 - 아름답게Aruemdapta- aruemdapkeBeautiful - beautifully
비싸다 - 비싸게Bissada - bissageExpensive - expensively
싸다 - 싸게Ssada - ssageCheap - cheaply
멋지다 - 멋지게Meotjida - meotjigeAwesome - awesomely
강하다 - 강하게Ganghada - ganghageStrong - strongly
약하다 - 약하게Yakhada - yakhageWeak - weakly
맛있다 - 맛있게Mashita - mashikeDelicious - deliciously
크다 - 크게Keuda - keugeLarge - largely
길다 - 길게Kilda - kilgeLong - lengthily
짧다 - 짧게Dzabta - dzabgeShort- shortly
넓다 - 넓게Neolbta - neolbgeWide - widely
작다 - 작게Jakta - jakgeSmall - little
밝다 - 밝게Balkta - balkgeBright- brightly
어둡다- 어둡게Eodoopta - eodoopgeDark- darkly
둥글다 - 둥그렇게Donggeulda - donggeureokeRound - roundly
평평하다 - 평평하게Pyeongpyeonghada - pyeongpyeonghageFlat - flatly
똑바르다 - 똑바르게Ttokbareuda - ttokbareugeStraight - straightly
행복하다 - 행복하게Haengbokhada - haengbokhageHappy- happily
피곤하다 - 피곤하게Pigonhada - pigonhageTired- tiredly
흥분하다 - 흥분하게Heungbonhada - heungbonhageExcited - excitedly
훌륭하다 - 훌륭하게Hoolyoonghada - hoolyoonghageWonderful - wonderfully
친절하다 - 친절하게Chinjeorhada - chinjeorhagePolite - politely
기쁘다 - 기쁘게Kipeuda - kipeugeGlad - gladly
슬프다 - 슬프게Seulpeuda - seulpeugeSad - sadly
좋다 - 좋게Johta- johkeGood - well
민감하다 - 민감하게Mingamhada - mingamhageSensitive - sensitively
화나다 - 화나게Hwanada - hwanageAngry - angrily
  • Some are noun words ending with 하다 changed to 히 to become adverbs
    (완전하다 - 하다 = 완전 + 히 = 완전히/ wanjeonhada - hada + hi = wanjeonhi)
    Which in English is complete + ly = completely
  • While some are adjective words - the last 2 syllables to 히 to become an adverb.
    (대단하다 - 하다 = 대단 + 히 = 대단히 ) (dedanhada - hada = dedan + hi = dedanhi)
    [great + ly = greatly]
한글PronunciationTranslation
완전하다 - 완전히Wanjeonhada - wanjeonhiComplete - completely
솔직하다 - 솔직히Soljikhada - soljikhageHonest - honestly
분명하다 - 분명히Boonmyeonhada - boonmyeonghageObvious - obviously
우연하다 - 우연히Wooyeonhada - wooyeonhageCoincidental - coincidentally
확실하다 - 확실히Hwakshilhada - hwakshilhageSure - surely
정확하다 - 정확히Jeonghwakhada - jeonghwakhageExact - exactly
간단하다 - 간단히Kantanhada - kantanhageSimple - simply
상당하다 - 상당히Sangdanghada - sangdanghageConsiderable - considerably
천천히cheoncheonhislowly
열심히Yeolshimhizealously

*Please note that the last two examples differ from the others as they don’t have 하다 and their root word is at it is.
*Adverbs from noun words ending with 적으로 and 으로 / jeogeuro and euro.

한글PronunciationTranslation
일반 - 일반적으로ilban- ilbanjeogeuroCommon- commonly
기본 - 기본적으로Gibon - gibonjeogeuroStandard - standardly
기적 - 기적적으로Gijeok - gijeokjeogeuroMiracle- miraculously
공식 - 공식적으로Gongshik - gongshikjeogeuroOfficial - officially
의도 - 의도적으로Euydo -euydojeogeuroIntention - intentionally
자동 - 자동으로Jagong - jadong euroAutomatic - automatically
수동 - 수동으로Soodong- soodong euroManual - manually
사적 - 사적으로Sajeok - sajeogeuroPersonal - personally
전적 - 전적으로Jeonjeog - jeonjeogeuroWhole - wholly
질적 - 질적으로Jiljeog- jiljeogeuroQualitative - qualitatively

Adverbs of time / 시간 부사 [ shigan boosa]

한글PronunciationTranslation
오늘oneultoday
어제eojeyesterday
내일neyltomorrow
지금jogeumnow
나중에najoongyelater/ after a while
오늘 밤Oneul bamtonight
매일meylEveryday / daily
주간JooganEvery week / weekly
매년menyeonEvery year / yearly
마침네machimnefinally
gwotsoon
전에jeonebefore
후에hooweafter
이미imialready
아직ajikyet

Adverbs of place / 장소 부사 [ jangso boosa]

  • These are preposition words + 에 = adverbs
    (집 + 에 = 집에 / [jib + e = jibe]) we translate it to English as at home.
  • Korean term 에 can be in, out, on, at or to when translated to English. But please be reminded that not all of them are just adverbs. Because some of them are suffixes of different use.
한글PronunciationTranslation
안에aneinside
밖에bakkeoutside
여게yeogehere
저게jeogethat
거게geogethere
위에wiyeabove
밑에mittebelow
앞에apeIn front
뒤에dwiyeAt the back
실네shilneindoor
야외yaweoutdoor
까까에kakayenear
멀에meolefar
위쩍widzeokleft
오른쩍oreundzeokright

Adverbs of frequency / 빈도 부사 [ bindo boosa]

한글PronunciationTranslation
항상hangsangalways
까끔kakeumsometimes
자주jajoooften
한번씩hanbeonshikOnce in a while
절대jeoltenever
때때로ttetterooccasionally
규칙적으로kyoochikjeogeuroregularly
보통으로Botong euronormally
습관적으로seupgwanjeogeurohabitually
드물게deumoolgerarely

Adverbs in never changing forms

한글PronunciationTranslation
kkwequite
많이manhiplenty
아주ajoovery
일부러ilbooreointentionally
함부로hamboorothoughtlessly
kkokmust
반드시bandeushiAt all cost
갑자기gapjagisuddenly
틀림 없이Teulim eopshicertainly
바로baroimmediately

Conclusion

Way to go! As we can notice, though the language is different, English and Korean adverbs uses and roles are quite similar. Such as, changing the word endings. As well as having different types of adverbs.

Just like English, Korean language also has its exceptions to the rules. Meaning, not only the words with suffix -ly are considered as adverbs. But be reminded that not all Korean words ending with 게 are adverbs, some of them are prepositions,nouns and pronouns.

So please stay on track and we will do our best to provide an easy way to enhance your Korean language skills with so much fun! Don’t forget to share with everyone on Facebook, Twitter or send to your friends’ email.

Suggestions for the next topic are very much welcome. 안녕!

Nie Ae is a Filipina by blood but is now bearing a Korean citizenship and residing in South Korea. She is a Christian missionary, writer, translator, and more than 10 years ESL teacher to Korean nationals.

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