The 100 Most Common Korean Adjectives

by Nie Ae // February 21 // 0 Comments

안녕하세요! Annyeonghaseyo! Let’s get to know more about common Korean Adjectives. Just like any other language, Korean adjectives are also considered as main parts of speech.

This article aims to share the 100 most commonly used adjectives in daily life conversations.

Most Common Korean Adjectives

Korean Adjectives / 형용사

  • Adjectives, known as 형용사 [hyeongyongsa] in Korean, are words used to modify or describe a noun or pronoun, such as person, place, thing or idea.
  • Just like English language, Korean adjectives also have different types.
  • 형용사 [hyeongyongsa] also appears mostly before the noun it is describing or modifying, yet, just like some adjectives in English, some korean adjectives can also be found after the noun or something it is describing. (see example in distributive/ … adjective)
  • All in all, the language is different but its uses and rules are similar to English.

Korean Possessive Adjectives / 소유 형용사 [soyoo hyeongyongsa]

  • These words are pronouns+suffix (의) which make them possessive adjectives.
  • 나- I, 너- you, 그것- it, 그녀- she, 그- he, 그들- they, and 우리 - we.
형용사PronunciationTranslation
나의/내na-euy/ naemy
너의/당신의neo-euy/dangshin-euyyour
그것의geugeos-euyit’s
그녀의geunyeo-euyher
그의gue-euyhis
그들의gueduer-ueytheir
우리의woori-euyour

Korean Observation Adjectives / 관측 형용사 [gwancheuk hyeongyongsa]

형용사PronunciationTranslation
좋은joheungood
나쁜napeunbad
귀요운gweyowooncute
아름다운areumdawoonbeautiful
비싼bissanexpensive
ssancheap
멋진meotjingorgeous
강한ganghanstrong
약한yakhanweak
맛있는mashineundelicious

Korean Adjectives for Size and Color / 크기 와 색상 [keugi wa saeksang]

형용사PronunciationTranslation
keunlarge
커다란keodaranbig
거대한geodehanhuge
kinlong
짧은dzalbeunshort
넓은neolbeunwide
젋은jeolbeunnarrow
작은jaguensmall
연한yeonhanlight
진한jinhanthick
밝은balkeunbright
어두운eodoowoondark
알록달록alokdalokcolorful

Korean Adjectives for Shapes / 모양 [moyang]

형용사PronunciationTranslation
둥근donggeunround
평평한pyeongpyeonghanflat
네무난nemoonansquare
삼각형의samgakhyeongeuytriangular
뾰족한pyeojokhanpointed
구부러진goobooreojincurved
기형의gihyeongeuydeformed
타원형tawonhyeongoval
꼬인kkointwisted
똑바른ttokbareunstraight

Korean Adjectives for Ages / 나이 [na-i]

형용사PronunciationTranslation
갓태어난gattaeyeonannewborn
어린eorinyoung
열대의yeoldae-euyteen
늙은neulgeunold
최신의chwesineuynew
현대식의hyeondaeshikeuymodern
고대의godae-euyantique
조기의jogi-euyearly
성숙한seongsokhanmature
나이가 지긋한Na-iga jigeuthanelderly

Korean Adjectives for Emotions / 감정 [kamjeong]

형용사PronunciationTranslation
행복한haengbokhanhappy
피곤한pigonhantired
흥분한heungbonhanexcited
훌륭한hoolyoonghanwonderful
친절한chinjeorhankind
기쁜gipeunglad
슬픈seulpeunsad
좋은joheunnice
민감한mingamhansensitive
심술궂은simsoolgoojeunbad-tempered

Korean Adjectives for Tastes / 맛 [mat]

형용사PronunciationTranslation
달콤한dalkomhansweet
jjansalty
sseunbitter
매운maewoonspicy
shinsour
새콤 달콤Saekom dalkomSweet and sour
맛있는mashineundelicious
맛없는mat-eomneunTasteless / bland
군침이 도는Goonchimi doneunmouth-watering
신선한shinseonhanfresh

Korean Adjectives for Qualities / 특성 [teukseong]

형용사PronunciationTranslation
부드러운boodeureowoonsoft
안락한alakhancomfy
단단한dandanhanhard
아삭아삭한asakasakhancrunchy
마른mareundry
축축한chookchookhanmoist
날카로운nalkarowoonsharp
뽀족한pyeojokhanpointed
절묘한jeolmyohanexquisite
초라한chorahanshabby

Korean Adjectives for Quantities / 수량 [sooryang]

형용사PronunciationTranslation
많은maneunmany
조금의jogeumeuyA litte
몇몇의myeotmyeot-euyfew
셀 수 없는Sel soo omneuncountless
충분한choongboonhanenough
모든modeunall
어떤eotteonany
binempty
혼자honjaalone
풍부한poongboohanabundant

Distributive Adjectives in Korean / 분배 [boonbae]

형용사PronunciationTranslation
매...mae...every
...마다...madaeach
따로따로의ttarottaro-euyseparately
여러 가지의Yeoreo gaji-euyseveral
어느eoneuany

Descriptive Adjectives in Korean / 설명적인 [seolmyeongjeogin]

형용사PronunciationTranslation
착한chakhanwell-mannered
친절한chinjeorhankind
순종한soonjonghanobedient
허술한heosoolhanlenient
편안한pyeonanhanrelaxed
더딘deodintardy
게으른ge-eureunlazy
용감한yonggamhanbrave
대담한daedamhanbold
고귀한gogwihannoble

Conclusion

One of the best ways to start a good and friendly conversation is knowing how to appreciate and react in a positive manner and definitely avoiding awkward words or expressions in describing things and situations around us. 

If you find it helpful, please leave your comments or share on twitter, facebook or email to your friends. Soon, I’ll be sharing The 100 Most Common Adverbs in Korean, so keep on track and enhance your Korean language skills!

Nie Ae is a Filipina by blood but is now bearing a Korean citizenship and residing in South Korea. She is a Christian missionary, writer, translator, and more than 10 years ESL teacher to Korean nationals.

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